Probably one of the most celebrated furniture designer on the 20th Century Charles Eames produced legendary Eames LCW or lounge chair wood with his wife Ray Eames back in 1946.
The designer chair was based on the types of Charles and Eero Saarinen's 1940 joint entry within Museum modern day Art (MoMA) 'Organic Design in Home Furnishings' competition, (which they won) but was also influenced by Alvar Aalto's early work into bent plywood.
Although Aalto's furniture we hadn't yet been imported into America by 1940, the 1938 retrospective look at Aalto's are employed at the MoMA not only led to Charles and Eero's design but to other experiments typically the US, including Designs from the Chicago School of Design, but all the others followed Aalto's original model. What set the 1940 MoMA entry apart utilizing experiments in plywood was the capability to mould it on two planes as well. However, Charles and Eero's design wasn't without its problems and was at risk crack when bent at the sharp angles required and had to be upholstered. Even so the Eames and Saarinen competition entries set a new direction for modern furniture design.
It soon became clear to Charles that the design was way too expensive for the mass market for which they were intended. Over-the-counter next four years working with his or her wife Ray Eames, Charles examined risks with and complexities of bending plywood firstly using it to re-design stretcher leg splints for your US Dark blue. Funding from this project helped enormously with their efforts produce affordable bent plywood chairs.
One for this great achievements of the LCW was the independent articulation belonging to the seat and back an issue use within the rubber shock mounts just like many of the cantilevered chairs for this 1920's (Brno chair etc) the Eames design used the structure of the chair simply because of its comfort as compared to upholstery. Even so wasn't just comfort which separated the Eames design from individuals. The way the LCW seat almost hovers on top of the legs and also the back pushes forward faraway from is support is visually as well as ergonomically striking.
Few other designers could claim not to ever only to revolutionise style but even the manufacturing system. With the production through Evans Company and later the Herman Miller Company (and help of George Nelson), the Eameses brought design to an industrial scale with new methods of bonding and moulding resources. This influenced distinct their later work with the opulent Eames Lounge Chair but also others for instance Series 7 and Ant chairs by Arne Jacobsen. In 1946 MoMA hosted an exhibition of Charles and Ray Eames work including the LCW and DCW.