Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe was one of the leading masters in modern twentieth century design then.
He was married in 1913 it will was short-lived and resulted in 1921. After his marriage he began the Dutch 'van der' and his mothers maiden name Rohe which then became the name by that they is now universally known, but he was for you to all buddies and close colleagues as Mies it.
Born in Aachen, Germany on the 27th March 1886. His interest in design was initiated and nurtured by his father whilst doing work in his stonemasonry business. From this point he gone to Berlin where he worked for the renowned architect and furniture designer, Bruno Paul, and, later, for Peter Behrens.
Mies studied the works of many leading architects and in 1912 he opened his offices in Berlin. After active service in WW1, he became interested the actual world science of skyscraper design which later put him in good stead for the rise in skyscraper construction in the 1930s and 1940s. During the 1920s he also became part of the 'avant-garde' set which carried great esteem and promoted his name with a wide spectators.
In 1927 he designed one of his most celebrated structures: the German Pavilion in the International Exhibition in Barcelona. For this impressive structure he wanted an incredible designer chair and came up with the iconic'Barcelona chair' which, appeared to be days, was known because Pavilion Chair. The chair was later honoured with the modern Art award in 1977.
In the 1930s Mies became a director of Bauhaus, a college in Germany specialising in architecture and interior adornment. The School was forced to seal in 1933 due to Nazi permit. During his time there he designed the Brno chair for the Turgenhadt House in Brno Czech republic.
With the unrest in Germany and the rumours of war, Mies left for America in 1937 where he was appointed as Head of Architecture in the Institute of Technology Illinois, a post he held until 1958.
In 1944 he became an American Citizen and, in 1945, he designed Farnsworth house - an incredible minimalist house which is getting a public museum. He continued to create various constructions including high rise towers much like the Seagram building in New York, the Chicago Federal Centre, IBM Plaza Chicago, Westmount Square in Montreal, and the Toronto Dominion Centre.
His work came full circle when, in 1962, he was invited to create the new National gallery in Germany. He attended the construction with the project but may not attend the opening in 1968 due to ill health. He died in Chicago upon the 17th August 1969.